1Muhrizal Sarwani, 2Mohammad Noor, and 1Edi Husen1
IAARD Researchers at Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development (ICALRD).
Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12 Cimanggu-Bogor
2IAARD Researcher at Indonesian Wetland Research Institute (IWETRI).
Jl. Kebun Karet, Lok Tabat. Banjarbaru-South Kalimantan
Abstract. Utilization of wetlands for agriculture in the last few decades shows rapid development. However, the growing issue of climate change and global warming in line with broad and rapid development of wetland is envisaged by potentially increasing greenhouse gas emissions and pollution. Therefore, implementation of environmentally benign farming system needs to be realized. The basic concept of environmentally benign or friendly farming in the context of wetland agriculture is the ability and efforts to maintain agricultural production (yields and economics) at a certain optimum level. This concept is highly dynamic concerning the nature of wetlands in relation to its historical development for farming and current choice versus global demand. The choice is related to the government's strategic policy to protect and feed the people that continue growing. Meanwhile, the demand in respect to the international concern is related to the world issues and the efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and development of green economy. Wetland farming system consists of biophysical and socioeconomic elements interlinked with each other. Biophysical elements include subsystems of soil, water, plants, pests and diseases, and environment. Socio-economic elements include comparative advantage, public perception, and sociological conditions. Environmentally friendly farming in the context of wetland agriculture develops as a result of the interaction between biophysical and socio-economic elements. Efforts to be addresed to support the implementation of environmentally friendly wetland farming systems are: (i) improving land and crop management system, (ii) increasing in value added, (iii) strengthening institutions, and (iv) policy support.
Keywords: Climate change, environment, food production, friendly farming, wetland
Paper published at Proceeding International Workshop on Sustainable Management of Lowland for Rice Production. p. 1-12. Editors: Husen et al.. Banjarmasin, 27-28 September 2012. Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development. Ministry of Agriculture. 2013