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USE OF REACTIVE PHOSPHATE ROCKS AS FERTILIZER ON ACID UPLAND SOILS IN INDONESIA:
ACCUMULATION OF CADMIUM AND ZINC IN SOILS AND SHOOTS OF MAIZE PLANTS

Sri Rochayati1,2, Gijs Du Laing1*, Jörg Rinklebe3, Ralph Meissner4, and Marc Verloo1

1 Department of Applied Analytical and Physical Chemistry, Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Applied Ecochemistry, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium

2 Indonesian Soil Research Institute, Jalan Ir. H. Juanda 98, Bogor 16123, Indonesia

3 University of Wuppertal, Department D, Pauluskirchstraße 7, 42285Wuppertal, Germany

4 UFZ-Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Department of Soil Physics, Lysimeter Research Station Falkenberg, Dorfstraße 55, 39615 Falkenberg, Germany

 

ABSTRACT

A pot experiment was conducted to study the contribution of reactive phosphate rocks (RPRs) on the accumulation of Cd and Zn in 10 acid upland soils in Indonesia and shoots of Zea mays plants grown on these soils. Two types of RPR were used at a rate of 0.5 g (kg soil)–1: RPRL containing 4 mg Cd kg–1 and 224 mg Zn kg–1, and RPRH containing 69 mg Cd kg–1 and 745 mg Zn kg–1. Zea mays was harvested at 6 weeks after planting. The application of RPRH significantly increased the concentrations of Cd in the shoots. The application of this RPR also increased the amount of Cd which could be extracted by 0.5 M NH4-acetate + 0.02 M EDTA pH 4.65 from the soils. More than 90% of the added Cd remained in the soil. As Zn is an essential element and the studied acid upland soils are Zn-deficient, increased plant growth upon RPR application might be partly attributed to Zn present in the phosphate rock. However, more experiments are needed to confirm this hypothesis. The Cd and Zn concentrations and CEC of the soils were important soil factors influencing the concentrations of Cd and Zn in the shoots of maize plants grown on these soils.

Key words: Cd / Zn / bioavailability / mobility / maize plant / phosphorus

Paper published in J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci, 2011, 174, 186-194

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