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Sharing Experiences on Controlling Soil Borne Disease By Using Dark Septate Endophytic Fungi (DSE) and Other Potential Microbes in Indonesia at The International Workshop in Hanoi, Vietnam

To increase the role of the Indonesian Soil Research Institute (ISRI) as a center of excellence in technology (Pusat Unggulan Teknologi-PUI), the role of its researchers in international events is increasingly enhanced both in publications and international seminars or workshops. At the international workshop on "Enabling Capacity in Production and Application of Bio-pesticides and Bio-fertilizers for Soil-Borne Disease Control held by the Food and Fertilizer Technology Center - Taiwan (FFTC) and the Vietnam Academy of Agricultural Sciences (VAAS), 7 - 9 May 2019 in Hanoi, Vietnam, Dr. Surono, ISRI researcher, was invited as a speaker to present his experience in research on controlling soil-borne disease with the title "The Soil-borne Pathogen/Disease Problems and Management Strategies: Experience from Indonesia".

Soil-Borne disease is one of the main problems that reduce agricultural crop production. In Indonesia, soil-borne diseases attack plants that have high economies in both food crops, horticulture and plantation crops. The Phytophthora capsici has attacked almost 4,000 hectares of pepper plantations in Indonesia. While, Ganoderma boninense has become a major problem in Indonesia's oil palm plantations. Rigidoporus microporus, Fusarium oxysporum, and Sclerotium roflsii are soil-borne pathogens which cause many losses to agricultural production in Indonesia. In his presentation, Dr. Surono shared his research experience about controlling Phytophthora foot rot disease in pepper plants caused by P. capsici using bio-organic fertilizer which is able to reduce the attack of the disease and increase pepper yield by more than 30%. In addition, he explained about the DSE fungal research from the tropical regions of Indonesia which he and his team are doing. DSE fungal research results were very effective in controlling soil-borne pathogens such as controlling the growth of R. microporus as a cause of white root rot disease in rubber plants, Fusarium oxysporum in tomato plants that caused fusarium wilt, and Ganoderma boninense which caused basal stem rot disease in oil palm plants. The DSE fungi are able to produce antimicrobial pathogenic compounds that have the potential to be used as biofertilizer and biopesticide. During the meeting, there were also many participants who asked about the role of DSE as biofertilizer and biopesticide because research and publications about DSE for plant growth promoters and controller of the soil-borne disease have not been carried out in tropical regions.

This international workshop activity was held for 3 days, from 7 to 9 May 2019 in Hanoi, Vietnam. A total of 23 speakers and hundreds of participants from 8 participating countries attended this event such as ISRI, NARO-Japan, MARDI-Malaysia, UPLB-Philippines, CIAT-Asia, iEES-Paris-IRD, CABI-SEA, TARI-Taiwan, Sunchon National University-Korea, and others. Through this international workshop, it is expected that there will be an exchange of experience and agricultural technology related to biofertilizers and biopesticides for the control of soil borne disease and for the development of organic agriculture from various countries.

After two days of conducting presentations and discussions at VAAS head office, then on the third day continued an educational trip to organic farms in Thanh Xuan commune, Soc Son district in the vicinity of Hanoi. After visiting organic farms, continued to visit a pilot plant that produces organic fertilizer and saw the process of making organic fertilizer using a fast composting machine made by Japan (Sur, 11 May 2019).

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